Web Editor:International Daily
World War II remains
Chongqing is one of the four capitals in World War II---the world anti-fascist war (the others are Washington, London, Moscow). In November 1937, the central government during the Anti-Japanese War moved from Nanjing to Chongqing; and in September 1940, the government officially confirmed Chongqing as the wartime capital, which is the command center of China zone in World War II. Then the Allied command headquarters in China was located in Chongqing, the American military adviser team was also stationed here.
Chongqing is very important during World War II, when the Japanese army bombarded Chongqing aerially for five and a half years. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese, Chongqing Frog, China Radio International in Shapingba, announced the message to the world that Japan had surrendered.
There are 395 war ruins in Chongqing, including 11 kinds of immovable cultural relics such as important historical sites, institution sites, military buildings and facilities. Chongqing also has the world's richest collection of the war literature and war rear files. Some of the sites are listed in the following.
Bombardment Massacre Site
On the evening of 5th June 1941, Japanese combat air-crafts bombed Chongqing for more than five hours, an appalling tragedy of refuge people choking happened within the three air raid tunnels of Shibati, Shihuishi and Yanwu Hall in Yuzhong District, resulting in thousands of casualties.
People's Liberation Monument
In 1941, a monument shaped building, called "spiritual fortress" (referring to the spirit of resolute resistance against Japanese invaders), was built in Chongqing. In October 1950, the monument was renamed as the "People's Liberation Monument."
The former site of the Eighth Route Army Office in Chongqing
During the Anti-Japanese War, Zhou Enlai and other well-known Chinese Communist leaders have lived and worked there for eight years. The office has made outstanding contributions to the victory of the Chinese Anti-Japanese War.
Residence of Chiang Kai-shek’s Huangshan Mansion
The site is located at No.23, Huangshan in Nan’an District, which was the decision-making center for the National Government military and political officials. It is one of the largest and best-preserved remains of the provisional capital in the war.
Stilwell’s former residence
Stilwell’s former residence is located at No. 63, Jialing New Road, Yuzhong District. From 1942 to 1944, the U.S. Army Lieutenant General Stilwell was ordered to come to Chongqing and lived there. Stilwell served as the Chief of Staff of the Joint Allied Chinese War Theater as well as the U.S. military commander of CBI War Theater.
Flying Tigers Gallery
The Flying Tigers Gallery is Located in Liziba, Yuzhong District. It is one of several national Galleries of the Flying Tigers, and keeps the objects that the Flying Tigers had used and lost.
Chongqing Frog, located in Shapingba, is the other name of China Radio International in the Anti-Japanese War. During the war, the station worked as a mouthpiece for uniting people to fight against the Japanese intruders. On August 10th, 1945, the exciting news of "Japan's unconditional surrender" was released by it.