3,000-year-old large-scale ruins with many relics discovered in Sichuan
Web Editor:International daily
CHENGDU - Chinese archaeologists discovered a collection of ruins dating back to the Western Zhou Dynasty (1046 B.C. -771 B.C.) and the Chunqiu Period (770 B.C. - 476 B.C.) in Chengdu City of southwest China 's Sichuan Province, according to statement released by Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics and Archeology Research Institute on Wednesday.
The ruins, located in Xipu Street of Pidu District of the city, was discovered during the refurbishment of a primary school.
According to the person in charge of the excavation site, after a detailed survey and rescue excavation by the institute, the site was confirmed to cover an area of around 3,000 square meters.
At present, more than 80 tombs, 10 building sites and more than 60 ash pits from the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Chunqiu Period have been unearthed, with a large number of bronzes, jades and potteries being discovered, including willow-shaped swords and seals which were typical relics of ancient Shu civilization dating back to about 3,000 years.
Archaeologists believe that according to the relics unearthed, the site can be dated back to two major periods.
The first stage is the middle and late Western Zhou Dynasty. The relics of this stage include a large number of building sites, ash pits, kiln sites, stoves and other life-related relics and a small number of tombs with pots, urns, basins and other life-related potteries, which indicated that the site of this period was used as a residential site.
The other stage is Chunqiu Period, and relics of this stage include a large number of tombs and a small number of ash pits, with burial bronze swords and clay pots, indicating that the site was mainly used as cemetery in the Chunqiu Period.
The cemetery was arranged in an orderly manner and has an unified orientation, meaning that the site was carefully planned, which is of great significance for the in-depth study of the funeral customs and etiquette systems of the people living under Shu civilization in the Chengdu Plain.